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STIDS 2013


Go to Tutorial 2

  Tutorial 1:   Information Ontologies for
the Intelligence Community

Tuesday, November 12, 2013

Faculty: Barry Smith, Tanya Malyuta, William Mandrick, Ron Rudnicki, and Dave Salmen
When intelligence analysts work with source data artifacts, then they focus primarily on what these artifacts describe: on the movements of containers recorded in some shipping report, on the vulnerabilities of a given forward operations base cataloged in some force protection assessment, on the persons of interest addressed in some given email. The analyst's work requires also, however, a secondary focus, targeted to the artifacts themselves - documents, emails, images - through which such information is conveyed. These artifacts have attributes - including format, purpose, evidence, provenance, reliability, operational relevance, security markings, and so forth - data concerning which (often called 'metadata') is vital to the effective exploitation of the data with which the analyst has to deal. The goals of this tutorial are:
  1. To provide a general introduction to the ontology methodology being used within the US Army Distributed Common Ground System (DGSS-A)
  2. To show how this methodology is being applied to the handling of information artifact metadata
09:00 - 09:40 Registration / Breakfast

09:40 - 11:10 Basic Principles of Ontology Development
and Coordination for the Intelligence Community
(Barry Smith, NCOR)
presentation      video

The need for ontology coordination

Basic Formal Ontology as top-level architecture

Reference ontologies vs. application ontologies

11:10 - 11:30 Break

11:30 - 12:30 Introduction to the Information Artifact Ontology - IAO
(Barry Smith, NCOR)
presentation      video

What is an Information Artifact?

The relation of aboutness

Dublin Core and the problems with Linked Open Data

12:30 - 13:30 Lunch Break

13:30 - 14:30 A Survey of DSGS-A Ontology Work
(Ron Rudnicki)
presentation      video

The DSGS-A Ontology Suite (including Agent, Event, Geospatial and Time Ontologies)

Annotation vs. Explication

How DSGS-A Ontologies are being used for the explication of data models

Standard operating procedures and ontology quality assurance

14:30 - 15:30 IAO-Intel: A Controlled Vocabulary for Describing Attributes of
Intelligence Information Artifacts (Tanya Malyuta)

Attributes of intelligence information artifacts

Examples of use of IAO Intel in data retrieval and analysis

Sharing data, information, and information technology services in the DoD

How IAO-Intel can improve the DoD Data Services Environment (DSE)

15:30 - 15:50 Break

15:50 - 17:00 The Email Ontology
(Dave Salmen and William Mandrick)

Why build an Email Ontology?

The Email Ontology as module of IAO-Intel

Attributes of emails

Examples of use


Tatiana Malyuta, PhD, is Principal Data Architect and Researcher at Data Tactics Corporation and an Associate Professor of the New York College of Technology of CUNY. She is a subject matter expert in data design and data integration. Recently she has been working on integrated data stores on the Cloud within the context of the Army's Distributed Common Ground System (DCGS-A).

William Mandrick, PhD, is a Senior Ontologist at Data Tactics Corpration and an Adjunct Professor at the University at Buffalo. He is also a Lieutenant Colonel in the U.S. Army Reserves with deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan where he has commanded soldiers, planned for major operations, and served as the primary civil-military operations advisor to a Brigade Combat Team. Recently he has been working on intelligence related ontologies for the Intelligence and Information Warfare Directorate (I2WD).

Ron Rudnicki, MA, is Senior Research Scientist at CUBRC, Buffalo, and project lead for the DSGS-A ontology initiative. Previously he worked at Gartner as software engineer developing a business intelligence application that supports Gartner's IT Benchmarking service.

Dave Salmen is the Chief Technology Officer of Data Tactics Corporation and has over 20 years experience with full life cycle database system development with an emphasis on initiatives involving intelligence data. Recent work includes DCGS SIPR data cloud (Rainmaker), Information Integration Pilot (I2P), and Zones of Protection (ZoP). He has experience with cloud architecture, cloud data structure design, high volume data ingest, cloud deployment, and cloud security work, and distributed index techniques for unstructured and structured data on the cloud platform, and semantic data representations and indexing on the cloud.

Barry Smith, PhD, is an internationally recognized leader in the field of ontology and semantic technology. He is Professor of Philosophy, Neurology, and Computer Science and Engineering at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Smith is Director of the National Center for Ontological Research, the founder of the Ontology for the Intelligence Community (now STIDS) conference series, and organizer of multiple conferences and training events in ontology and its applications.

Go to Tutorial 1

  Tutorial 2:   Modeling with Ontologies: Rules, Design Patterns, and Advanced Topics

Tuesday, November 12, 2013
Faculty: Leo Obrst and Pascal Hitzler
The first half of the tutorial introduces the core issues of working with OWL ontologies and rules, exploring sophisticated ontology design patterns while discussing modeling examples. The second half focuses on discussing advanced ontology topics such as events, roles, artifacts, information artifacts, and their respective usage in OWL ontologies.The goals of this tutorial are:
  1. To understand the relationship between Ontologies and rules, and how it can help with ontology modeling.
  2. To understand the use of advanced ontology topics and their applicability to OWL ontologies.
09:00 - 09:40 Registration / Breakfast

09:40 - 11:00 Ontologies and Rules (Pascal Hitzler)

Rules expressible in the Web Ontology Language OWL

Incorporating further rules in ontology modeling

11:00 - 11:20 Break

11:20 - 12:30 Ontology Design Patterns (Pascal Hitzler)

Rationales for the modeling with ontology design patterns

Modeling examples

12:30 - 14:00
Lunch Break

14:00 - 15:10 Advanced Ontology Topics (Leo Obrst)
presentation - part 2a

Events and Roles

Artifacts and Information Artifacts

15:10 - 15:30

15:30 - 16:40 Reasoning with Event Calculus (Leo Obrst)

Supporting constructs in OWL literature

Event calculus


Pascal Hitzler, PhD, is Associate Professor at the Kno.e.sis Center for Knowledge-enabled Computing, which is an Ohio Center of Excellence at Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio, U.S.A. His research record lists over 200 publications in such diverse areas as semantic web, neural-symbolic integration, knowledge representation and reasoning, machine learning, denotational semantics, and set-theoretic topology. He is Editor-in-chief of the Semantic Web j ournal and the book series Studies on the Semantic Web, both by IOS Press. He is co-author of the W3C Recommendation OWL 2 Primer, of the first German introductory textbook to the Semantic Web published by Springer Verlag, and of the book Foundations of Semantic Web Technologies by CRC Press, 2009 which was named as one out of seven Outstanding Academic Titles 2010 in Information and Computer Science by the American Library Association's Choice Magazine, and has been translated into Chinese. He is on the editorial board of several journals, book series and conference steering committees. For more information, see http://www.pascal-hitzler.de.

Leo Obrst, PhD, is principal artificial intelligence scientist at MITRE, advising the Information Semantics group he created in 2002. From 1999-2001, he was director of ontological engineering at VerticalNet.com, the first commercial ontology department, formed to create ontologies in the business-to-business electronic commerce market. Leo's PhD is in theoretical linguistics with a concentration in formal semantics from the University of Texas-Austin. He has worked over 27 years in computational linguistics, knowledge representation, and for the past 16 years in ontological engineering and more recently in Semantic Web technologies.

Leo is on the Executive Council of the International Association for Ontology and its Applications (IAOA), was a member of the W3C Web Ontology Working Group (OWL), co-founded the open community of practice Ontolog Forum in 2002, is a co-champion of the Open Ontology Repository (OOR) effort, co-organizer of the Ontology Summits (2006-2012), on the editorial board of the journal of Applied Ontology. He is the co-author of The Semantic Web: The Future of XML, Web Services, and Knowledge Management. John Wiley, Inc., June, 2003, and also a co-editor of Ontologies and Semantic Technologies for Intelligence, IOS Press, August, 2010. Leo has published many book chapters, conference and workshop papers, and reviews. He has chaired, organized, assisted on the program committees, or reviewed for over 70 conferences and workshops.

Last updated: 09/04/2017